Reductions of CO2 Emissions

Reductions in CO2 Emissions of New Passenger Cars


Road transport is one of the largest greenhouse-gas emitting sectors in the European Union. Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 sets emission performance standards for new passenger cars as part of the Community's integrated approach to reduce CO2 emissions from light-duty vehicles.

The limit set by the Regulation is 130g of CO2/km. From 2020, this level is to be reduced to 95g of CO2.

The Regulation shall apply to vehicles of category M1 as defined in Annex II to the Directive on the type-approval of motor vehicles which are registered in the European Union for the first time and which have not previously been registered in a third country.

Specific emissions targets

Auto manufacturers have average CO2 emissions targets, the formula for which are set out in Annex I of the Regulation. For each manufacturer, the following percentages of passenger cars are taken into account in order to determine average specific emissions of CO2:

65% in 2012;
75% in 2013;
80% in 2014;
100% from 2015 onwards.